Panchang

Hindu calendar (Panchang) is lunar based, i.e, it depends on the phases of the moon. In it, the day starts with local sunrise.

Tithi : A lunar day. Named in sanskrit, amavasya and purnima and prathama, dvitiya, etc . As tithi changes the phase of the moon also changes.

Rashi : It is the one of the 12 zodiac constellation. All the objects of the solar system pass through these. There are twelve rashi names, there are twelve lunar month names. When the sun transits into the Mesha rashi in a lunar month, then the name of the lunar month is Chaitra. When the sun transits into Vrishabha, then the lunar month is Vaishakh. So on.

  • Aries (Mesh)
  • Taurus (Vrishabha)
  • Gemini (Mithuna)
  • Cancer (Kark)
  • Leo (Simha)
  • Virgo (Kanya)
  • Libra (Tula)
  • Scorpio (Vrishchika)
  • Sagittarius (Dhanu)
  • Capricorn (Makar)
  • Aquarius (Kumbha)
  • Pisces (Meen)

Paksha: A lunar month is divided in two pakshas.

Shukla paksha: size of moon increases. Tithi changes from Amavasya to Purnima.  Waxing phase.

Krishna paksha: size of the moon decreases.  Tithi goes from Purnima to Amavasya.  Waning Phase.

Months

  • Chaitra
  • Vaisakha
  • Jyaishtha
  • Ashadha
  • Sravana
  • Bhadrapada
  • Asvina
  • Kartika
  • Margasirsha
  • Pausha
  • Magha
  • Phalguna

Vaar

  • Ravivara (Sunday)
  • Somavara (Monday)
  • Mangalavara (Tuesday)
  • Buddhavara (Wednesday)
  • Brihaspatvara (Thursday)
  • Sukravara (Friday)
  • Sanivara (Saturday)

Nakshatra

  • Aswini
  • Bharani
  • Kritika
  • Rohini
  • Mrigasira
  • Aridra
  • Punarvasu
  • Pushya
  • Aslesha
  • Magha
  • Poorvaphalguni
  • Uttaraphalguni
  • Hasta
  • Chitra
  • Swati
  • Visakha
  • Anuradha
  • Jyehsta
  • Moola
  • Poorvashadha
  • Uttarashadha
  • Sravana
  • Dhanshita
  • Satabisha
  • Poorvabhadrapada
  • Uttarabhadrapada
  • Revati
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